Dogue De Bordeaux
Dogue De Bordeaux History
The Dogue De Bordeaux (aka French Mastiff, Bordeaux Mastiff and Bordeaux Bulldog) originated in Bordeaux in southern France and dates back to the 14th century.
The exact breeding is not known but it is speculated that the Dogue De Bordeaux resulted from a crossbreeding of an English and Spanish Mastiff and an Aquitainian (region in south west France) guard dog.
The breed has been used for a variety of roles including cattle herding, guard dog, bull baiting and hunting.
The breed was only recognised by the AKC as recently as 2008.
Dogue De Bordeaux Characteristics
This giant, short coated dog is gentle and obedient despite its ferocious appearance and is good with children.
It is imperative that the owner is confident and consistent with training and that the puppy is socialised from an early age. They also require daily exercise.
They tend to be a messy with eating i.e. they can often be seen drooling and they often snore!
Dogue De Bordeaux Health Issues
Average lifespan is 8 – 10 years.
Common Illnesses include;
- Hip and Elbow Dysplasia - Genetic conditions that cause abnormal development of the elbow and hip joints in young dogs. This can lead to early onset degenerative joint disease.
- Bloat (Gastric Dilatation Volvulus, GDV) – Twisting of the stomach resulting in rapid swelling of the abdomen causing pain and eventual death if not treated.
- Osteochondosis dissecans (OCD) - Developmental disorder where flaps of cartilage run against tissue causing irritation, pain, lameness and eventual degenerative joint disease. If severe enough, this can require surgery.
- Epilepsy – Recurrent Seizures.
- Dystocia (difficulty giving birth) – Some litters require caesarian section due to their large puppies.
- Demodectic Mange – This breed is prone to dermatitis as a result of demodex mites.
- Dilated Cardiomyopathy – Poor contractility of the heart muscle leads to arrhythmias and congestive heart failure.
- Cancer – Osteosarcoma (bone cancer) can affect this breed.