Pugs are one of the oldest breeds and originated in East China before 400 B.C.
Thereafter they appeared in Japan and Europe where they became very popular with monarchs and the affluent and became known as the ‘dogs of aristocrats’.
They were first registered in America and Britain in the late 19thCentury.
Pug Temperament & Size
Pugs are a small short haired brachycephalic (short muzzled) breed.
Thanks to their vivacious, affectionate and rarely aggressive nature these dogs make great family pets.
However, Pugs are prone to particular health issues listed over and they require special management to minimise problems and ensure longevity.
Pug Life Span & Health Problems
Pugs have an average lifespan of 10 -12 years
Common Illnesses include;
- Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome (BAS) – A combination of anatomical features including narrow nostrils elongated soft palate and deformed throat result in breathing difficulties and require special management and sometimes surgery.
- Skin fold dermatitis – Where two skin surfaces rub together. The warm moist environment makes the area prone to infection. Keeping these areas clean and dry is imperative to avoid bacterial infection.
- Luxating Patella – Partial to full dislocation of one or both kneecaps.
- Hip Dysplasia – Abnormal formation of the hip joints causing early onset degenerative joint disease.
- Hemivertebrae – Congenital incomplete fusion of vertebrae.
- Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) – Inherited neurological disease which is progressive and fatal.
- Hydrocephalus – Excessive accumulation of spinal fluid around the brain causing seizures, blindness and eventual death.